Menopause Information

The Menopause or "Change of Life" occurs in all women.

It is the permanent cessation of menstruation. It can occur naturally or be due to specific treatments,, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, removal of ovaries / hysterectomy. The ovarian decline / failure results in low or rapidly reduced levels of hormones, most notably oestrogen, which triggers menopausal symptoms.

Menopause in itself is a retrospective diagnosis, i.e. it is diagnosed officially twelve months after a woman's last menstrual bleed. However, symptoms of Menopause can occur in the months, or even years, prior to periods finishing. This time is known as the 'Peri-Menopause' and, despite having their periods, many women experience significant symptoms due to their fluctuating levels of oestrogen. These symptoms can vary hugely in severity and include:

Some women experience a natural menopause under the age of 45 and this is described as 'Early Menopause'. A diagnosis under the age of 40 is described as 'Premature Menopause'.

However it occurs, Menopause can be a very difficult and challenging time for many women.


Blackrock Medical Centre, 74 Skehard Road, Blackrock, Cork, T12 TX0F • Tel: 021 489 2996

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